WHAT CAUSES CEREBRAL PALSY?
We do not know the cause of most cases of cerebral palsy, but many have been to "Black or Red palaces" means Big celebrations or funeral during pregnancy- according to all the datas of the parents between 75%.There are a lot of data that show that during pregnancy the mother has had some form of bad or horrified experience or have had been to some kind of ceremony of the unpresent once 60%. All can be said that the pregnant mothers had some kind of events or problems during the period.
Still we are unable to identify, we are unable to determine what caused cerebral palsy autism in most children who have congenital CP. We do know that the child who is at highest risk for developing CP is the premature, very small baby who does not cry in the first five minutes after delivery, who needs to be on a ventilator for over four weeks, and who has bleeding in his brain. Babies who have congenital malformations in systems such as the heart, kidneys, or spine are also more likely to develop CP, probably because they also have malformations in the brain.
Seizures in a newborn also increase the risk of CP Cerebral Palsy with autism . There is no combination of factors, which always results in an abnormally functioning individual. Even the small premature infant has a better than 90 percent chance of not having cerebral palsy autism . There are a surprising number of babies who have very stormy courses in the newborn period and go on to do very well.
In contrast, some infants who have rather benign beginnings are eventually found to have severe mental retardation or learning disabilities.
CEREBRAL PALSY CP IN THE NEWBORN
Children with cerebral palsy autism have a congenital malformation of the brain, meaning that the malformation existed at birth and was not caused by factors occurring during the birthing process.
Not all of these malformations can be seen by the physician, even with today's most sophisticated scans, but when CP cerebral palsy is recognized in a newborn, a congenital malformation is suspected.
When a diagnosis of CP cerebral palsy is made, the mother and father often feel guilty and wonder what they did to cause their child to have this disorder. While it is certainly true that good prenatal care is an essential part of preventing congenital problems, it must be stated that congenital problems, or "birth defects," often occur even when the mother has strictly followed her physician's advice in caring for herself and the developing infant.
Though the causes of "birth defects" are usually unknown, we do know that the developing brain can be affected by several factors.
When the fetus is exposed to certain chemicals or infections through the expectant mother, for example. The developing brain can be injured if the expectant mother suffers severe physical trauma, the fetal brain can be injured, too, but this is rare.
Cerebral palsy -Finally, prematurely and a low birth weight have been shown to be related to an increased incidence of specific disorders. Many chemicals are known to adversely affect the developing brain, alcohol being the most commonly used. The term Fetal Alcohol Syndrome describes the long-term, multi-system effect of alcohol on a child whose mother abused alcohol during the pregnancy. When a fetus is exposed to large amounts of alcohol, several body systems, including the neurological system will almost certainly suffer damage.
Cigarette smoking by the mother has been shown to decrease birth weight, and low birth weight is associated with several disorders, including cerebral palsy. Severe malnutrition in the mother can adversely affect brain growth in the fetus, and it, too, can result in a low birth weight.
The use of cocaine or crack by the expectant mother is associated with blood vessel complications, and these complications affect many organs as well as the central nervous system. Cocaine use is increasing and thus becoming more prevalent as cause of brain damage in infants. Most infants whose mothers used cocaine during pregnancy develop mental retardation rather than cerebral palsy, however. Infections such as rubella (German measles), toxoplasmosis, and cytomegalovirus (CMV), (if a woman has them during pregnancy), also may injure the brain of the fetus. Rubella can be prevented by immunization, prior to becoming pregnant, and the chances of becoming infected with toxoplasmosis can be minimized by not handling the feces of cats and by avoiding raw or uncooked meat.
cerebral palsy - Congenital infection with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV, the virus that causes AIDS) also causes brain damage in children, though it usually causes mental retardation rather than CP.
It is likely that many other infections in the expectant mother injure the developing fetus, but they are not recognized as causative factors because the woman who has the infection either does not recognize the symptoms of infection or is symptom-free. Premature infants are at a much higher risk for developing cerebral palsy than full-term babies, and the risk increases as the birth weight decreases. Between 5 and 8 percent of infants weighing less than 1500 grams (3 pounds) at birth develop cerebral palsy, and infants weighing less than 1500 grams are 25 times more likely to develop cerebral palsy than infants who are born at full term weighing more than 2500 grams.
Any premature infants suffer bleeding within the brain, called intraventricular hemorrhages, intracranial hemorrhages. Again, the highest frequency of hemorrhages is found in the babies with the lowest weight: the problem is rare in babies who weigh more than 2000 grams (4 pounds).
This bleeding may damage the part of the brain that controls motor function and thereby lead to cerebral palsy. If the hemorrhage results in destruction of normal brain tissue (a condition called periventricular leukomalacia) and small cysts around the ventricles and in the motor region of the brain, then that infant is more likely to have CP cerebral palsy than an infant with hemorrhages alone.
CEREBRAL PALSY, CP AT BIRTH
There are no specific events that, if they occur during pregnancy, delivery, or infancy, will always occurring at birth or right after birth). This is apparently why the incidence of CP cerebral palsy in undeveloped and poverty stricken areas of the world, where infant mortality is very high, is the same as in northern Europe, where infant mortality is the lowest.
It also explains why modern obstetrical care, including monitoring and a high rate of Cesarian section, has lowered infant mortality rates but not the incidence of cerebral palsy. One large study, for example, has shown that more than 60 percent of all pregnancies have at least one complication, and that most of these complications cause no problems. For instance, 25 percent of all newborns have the umbilical cord wrapped around their neck, and 16 percent passed meconium (had the first bowel movement) at the time of birth.
These "birth events" and the development of CP cerebral palsy have only a small correlation. In other words, the chances of a child developing CP cerebral palsy were nearly the same whether the child was born with a cord wrapped around her neck or not. On the other hand, newborns in this study who had very low Apgar scores (less than 3 at 20 minutes) had a risk 250 times greater than infants with normal Apgar scores of developing cerebral palsy.
An Apgar score at this level suggests that the infant suffered severe asphyxia (lack of sufficient oxygen to the brain) during birth. Half of the infants who suffered severe asphyxia during birth did not develop cerebral palsy, however. When CP cerebral palsy is diagnosed in childhood, it is often discovered that the child suffered asphyxia at birth, but the asphyxia is usually considered the symptom of an otherwise sick baby with a neurological problem, and not the primary cause of CP cerebral palsy.